Assessment of Biochemical & Electrolyte Levels in Diabetes

Sujeet Kumar


Diabetes, often referred to by as diabetes mellitus, describes a group of metabolic diseases in which the person has high blood glucose (blood sugar), either because insulin production is inadequate, or because the body's cells do not respond properly to insulin, or both. Patients with high blood sugar will typically experience polyuria (frequent urination), they will become increasingly thirsty (polydipsia) and hungry (polyphagia). The level of the various biochemical markers and the electrolyte get affected in the diabetic patients. Hence the present syudy was planned to estimate the levels of the Fating glucose level, Glycated haemoglobin (HbA 1 c), Total cholesterol, Triglycerides, High Density Lipid, and Low Density Lipid. Also the electrolyte levels like sodium, potassium, chlorine and bicarbonate is also monitored. The concentration of HbAlc, Cholesterol and low density lipid implies a positive correlation with the triglycerides. The levels of the high density lipid and serum chlorine showed negative correlation with triglycerides. Cholesterol and low density lipid showed significant positive correlation with HbAlc. The study also showed that the diabetic patients have electrolyte imbalance characterized by depletion in the levels of sodium, potassium and chlorine and increased in the levels of the bicarbonat.